- Create Hoplites: Only in one polis per turn; pay 1 metal (or silver) per hoplite
- Create Galleys: Only in one polis per turn; pay 1 wood (or silver) per galley, then place it in adjacent sea territory (see arrow).
- Create Merchants: Only in one commercial city per turn; pay 1 wood (or silver) per merchant, then place it in Trade Port.
Military Actions (cost 1 Prestige)
- Move Hoplites: Destination territory of all hoplites has to be the same; each unit is moved separately (via land or sea territories); territories controlled by opponent block movement.
- Move Galleys: Destination territory of all galleys has to be the same; each unit is moved separately (only sea territories); territories controlled by opponent block movement.
- Besiege Polis: Player has to control territory with at least as many hoplites as polis has Fortification. Throw the die:
- If result higher than/equal to Fortification: take Polis Tile (with all projects); receive Prestige (= Fortification).
- If result lower than Fortification, attacker loses 1 hoplite. If polis owned by opponent, it loses 1 Population Cube.
- Collection: Take resources corresponding to hoplite placement in Tribute Box. Place disk. No Prestige cost for action in home region.
- Trade: Move one merchant via free trade route to Foreign Market and place it on available shipload:
- Goods exchange (goods for wheat / silver); then increase market value (roll die; move marker right).
- Purchase (silver paid for wheat); then increase market value (roll die twice; use higher result to move marker left).
- Move Proxenos: Movement via land or sea territories. Has to bribe each enemy unit with 1 silver (not to the opponent).
- Redeem Proxenos: Pay 2 silver to opponent; place Proxenos in capital.
- Instigate Civil War: Proxenos needed; action costs 2 Base Population (neutral polis) or 3x current Population (owned by opponent). Receive Prestige (= Population bribed, not amount of money spent).
If 8 or more units in territory after player's turn. Attacker plays 2 cards, defender tries to match formations. Card pairs are then compared:
- not matching: defender loses 1 unit, attacker gains Prestige on card.
- matching: no loss for defender, attacker gains Prestige difference if his value is higher. Attacker draws 2 cards; defender draws one less card for each loss suffered (maximum 2).
The battle ends if:
- not enough cards are left in the Combat Card deck.
- one player retreats (and pays 1 Prestige to opponent).
- one player has less than 2 units left.
End of the Round
- Projects: all are completed, and award immediate Prestige.
- Supply: player has to pay wheat = total of Population Cubes; if insufficient, difference either paid with Prestige, or poleis are discarded.
- Growth: increase Population in poleis with wheat (1:1); heed Maximum Growth and Population Maximum. Optional.
- Megalopolis: 1 Prestige awarded for every polis exceeding Base Population.
- Storage: halve amount of oil, wine, and wheat in storage (rounded up)
- Phoros: exchange Prestige for silver (1:1). Optional.
Preparations for the next Round
Move round marker one space to the right. Remove all discs from Tribute Boxes. Place merchants back in Trade Ports. Place 3 new Project Tiles (discard remaining tiles). Draw new Event Card.
End of Game Conditions
- A player cannot supply enough wheat/Prestige to feed his capital.
- A player does not have any Prestige left after “End of Round” phase.
- The fourth round (5β) has been finished.
- total of Population Cubes in all poleis, plus - current Prestige, plus - ”Prestige for Posterity” (on project tiles).