Phat is a trick taking game for four players, played in fixed partnerships. A standard 52 card pack is used, with cards ranking (from highest to lowest): A K Q J 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2.
The aim is to win tricks containing valuable cards, known as the phat. Winning a trick containing a valuable cards causes the team who won the trick to immediately score the relevant points. Once all tricks are played, there is an extra bonus of 8 points for winning at least half of the muck. The valuable cards are as follows:
|The Phat||The Muck|
|Ace of trumps||4 points||Each Ace||4 points|
|King of trumps||3 points||Each King||3 points|
|Queen of trumps||2 points||Each Queen||2 points|
|Jack of trumps||1 point||Each Jack||1 point|
|Nine of trumps||18 points||Each Ten||10 points|
|Five of trumps||10 points|
|Non-trump nines||9 points|
|Non-trump fives||5 points|
The most valuable cards are the "Big Phat", i.e. the 9 of trumps, and the "Little Phat", i.e. the 5 of trumps. In total, there are 80 points to be won in the phat, and an extra 8 from the muck.